Please be sure to read Rotation Guidlines before reading this page.
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The 4-2 Rotation is recommended for beginner to intermediate teams where in the setter plays front row. The 2 refers to the right side players which will set when they reach the front row. The 4 refers to the 4 hitters available at the net throughout rotations. Since the setter is always front row there are only 2 hitters available at the net at a time.
AlertIn 4-2 Rotations you’ll want to start with your setter front row.
Rotation 1 Serve: OPP1 is serving. Once the ball is contacted everyone goes to base defense.
PositionsFront Row: S1, MB2, OH2
Back Row: OH1, MB1, OPP1
Rotation 1 Receive: OH1, MB1, and OPP1 are passing in serve receive with MB2 attacking in the middle and OH2 attacking from the right side.
Rotation 2 Serve: OH2 is serving. Once the ball is contacted everyone goes to base defense.
PositionsFront Row: OH1, S1, MB2
Back Row: MB1, OPP1, OH2
Rotation 2 Receive: MB1, OPP1 and OH2 are the passers in serve receive. OH1 is attacking from the outside position and MB2 is attacking from the middle.
Rotation 3 Serve: MB2 is serving. Once the ball is contacted everyone goes to base defense.
PositionsFront Row: MB1, OH1, S1
Back Row: OPP1, OH2, MB2
Rotation 3 Receive: In this rotation you can either have front row players (MB1 & OH1) switch and hit their assigned attacks or stay in position with MB1 attacking outside while OH1 attacks from the middle for the first play.
The next 3 rotations are the exact same. with the opposites switching in the illustrations.
Download 4-2 Rotations Sheets
Rules to Rotations
– There can only be 6 players on the court for each team at a time.
– When facing the net, players rotate in a clockwise position.
– When a player rotates from the right front position to the right back position the player must serve and is now a back row player.
– When a player’s opposite serves they are now a front row player.
– There are 3 postions when talking about rotations:
RIGHT sides are generally your setters and opposite hitters.
LEFT sides are generally your outside hitters and defensive specialists.
MIDDLES are generally your middle blockers, defensive specialists and liberos.
Questions to Ask Yourself
1) 1) Who is Serving? Serving order: RIGHT-LEFT-MIDDLE. Knowing the serving order will allow you to figure out what rotation your team is in.
2) Where is your opposite? Identifying your opposite helps to know your position in rotation and whether you are front row or back row.
3) Who are you following and/or who is following you? This reinforces questions 1 & 2 to know serving order and positioning.